SECTORS



    MUSICIAN

    How and what defines a musician

    In order to define a musician, we must define what a musician is.  Then we must ask the question, does he meet the criteria of what a musician is? Also from what perspective is based the criteria on, academia or non-academia, being music literate or music illiterate?

    Musician: A person who is talented or skilled in music, a professional, performer, composer or conduction of music.

    Skill: The ability to do something well; expertise, great ability or proficiency that come from training, practice.

    There are many elements that will essentially define one as a musician.

    1) The definition of the word musician

    The definition of a musician on academia and music literacy. If one is taught to read and/or write music, they have the knowledge and understanding to play any music set before them. The next important step is interpreting the musical style and “feel” correctly (for example eighth notes are played differently in Classical than in Modern, Popular and Folklore music, etc.).

    2) Well rounded musician

    The musician who is music literate, have the knowledge and has a wide experience is to be a “complete and well-rounded musician” therefore he is not defined by music style but rather on his ability to read, perform and interpret the music. People who are music illiterate generally are limited in what they can play, not “well rounded” and will define themselves by the commercial industry and musical styles promoted by the commercial industry.

    3) Cultural and ethnic background might lead to Music influence and new exposure.

    The cultural and ethnic background also defines who is as a musician because he will play music based upon his culture. When a musician from a particular culture is exposed to and/or is influenced by other cultural musical styles, it only adds to and enhances the musical knowledge as well as the creativity and playing ability. This also make a “well rounded” and “distinctive musician”.


    Singing
    Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, and augments regular speech by the use of tonality, rhythm, the use of sustained tones and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a singer or vocalist. Singers perform music (arias, recitatives, songs, etc.) that can be sung without accompaniment or with accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is often done in a group of other musicians, such as in a choir of singers with different voice ranges, or in an ensemble with instrumentalists, such as a rock group or baroque ensemble. Singers may also perform as soloist with accompaniment from a piano (as in art song and in some jazz styles) or with a symphony orchestra or big band. There are a range of different singing styles, including art music styles such as opera and Chinese opera, religious music styles such as Gospel, traditional music styles, world music, jazz, blues and popular music styles such as pop and rock.
    Singing can be formal or informal, arranged or improvised. It may be done for religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort, or ritual, as part of music education, or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication, instruction, and regular practice. If practice is done on a regular basis then the sounds can become more clear and strong.[1] Professional singers usually build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success (singing in more than one genre). They typically take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers.


    Composer
    A composer (Latin com+ponere, literally “one who puts together”) is a person who creates music. The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation. In broader usage, “composer” can designate people who participate in other musical traditions, as well as those who create music by means other than written notation: for example, through improvisation, recording, and arrangement. In popular music genres, musicians who create new songs are typically called songwriters.

    Actors

    An actor (or actress for female) is one who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs “in the flesh” in the traditional medium of the theatre, and/or in modern mediums such as film, radio, and television.

    The actor’s interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is “playing themselves”, as in some forms of experimental performance art, or, more commonly; to act, is to create, a character in performance

    Dance

    Dance Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion, form, or both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself. A choreographer is one who creates choreographies by practicing the art of choreography, a process known as choreographing. Choreography is used in a variety of fields, including cheerleading, cinematography, gymnastics, fashion shows, ice skating, marching band, show choir, theatre, synchronized swimming, video game production and animated art. In the performing arts, choreography applies to human movement and form. In dance, choreography is also known as dance choreography or dance composition.
    The word choreography literally means “dance-writing” from the Greek words “χορεία” (circular dance, see choreia) and “γραφή” (writing). It first appeared in the American English dictionary in the 1950s,[1] and “choreographer” was first used as a credit for George Balanchine in the Broadway show On Your Toes in 1936.[2] Prior to this, stage credits and movie credits used phrases such as “ensembles staged by ,dances staged by” or simply “dances by” to denote the choreographer.

    Ballet dancer
    A ballet dancer (Italian: ballerina [balleˈriːna] fem., ballerino [balleˈriːno] masc.) is a person who practices the art of classical ballet. Both females and males can practice ballet; however, dancers have hierarchy and strict gender roles. They rely on years of extensive training and proper technique to become a part of professional companies. Ballet dancers are at a high risk of injury due to the demanding technique of ballet.

    Scenographer

    A scenographer develops the appearance of a stage design, a TV or movie set, a gaming environment, a trade fair exhibition design or a museum experience exhibition design. The term originated in theater. A scenographer works together with the theater director to make the message come through in the best way they think possible, the director having the leading role and responsibility particularly for dramatic aspects – such as casting, acting, and direction – and the scenographer primarily responsible for the visual aspects or “look” of the production – which often includes scenery or sets, lighting, and costumes, and may include projections or other aspects.
    While a common role in theatrical production teams in most countries, the position of scenographer is very uncommon in the United States, where this task is generally parcelled out among several people, principally the scenic or set designer who generally spearheads the visual aspects of the production. The production’s design team often includes designers for: scenic design, lighting, sound, projections, costumes, properties, choreography, and sometimes others.
    Plays are usually produced by a production team that commonly includes a director, scenic or set designer, lighting designer, costume designer, sound designer, dramaturg, stage manager, and production manager.

    Writer

    A writer is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate ideas. Writers produce various forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, poetry, plays, screenplays, and essays as well as various utilitarian forms such as reports and news articles. Writers’ texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society

    The word is also used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone term, “writer” normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition.

    Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific nature. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words

    As well as producing their own written works, writers often write on how they write (that is, the process they use);  why they write (that is, their motivation); and also comment on the work of other writers (criticism).  Writers work professionally or non-professionally, that is, for payment or without payment and may be paid either in advance (or on acceptance), or only after their work is published. Payment is only one of the motivations of writers and many are never paid for their work.

    The term writer is often used as a synonym of author, although the latter term has a somewhat broader meaning and is used to convey legal responsibility for a piece of writing, even if its composition is anonymous, unknown or collaborative.

    A film director is someone who is in charge of making sure that every component of a movie runs smoothly. Generally, these directors work on a movie from its conception stage to its delivery stage. They have a say in how the scenes unfold, what props are going to be used, how the characters should look, and who should play specific parts

    Directors also work with individuals in charge of lighting, scenery, writing, and so forth, to make sure that all of the elements come together. The director is in charge of the three main phases, which are pre-production, production and post-production. Generally, he or she does not actually do the work for post-production, but is in charge of overseeing it.

    A film director controls a film’s artistic and dramatic aspects, and visualizes the script while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision.


    theatre director

    A theatre director has responsibility for the overall practical and creative interpretation of a dramatic script or musical score.

    They are involved in the whole process, from the design and pre-production stages, right through to the final performance.

    Directors work closely with their creative and production teams, the performers and the producer to create a performance which connects with the audience. They therefore need to be able to coordinate effectively across a range of disciplines and with artistic vision.

    Most directors are usually employed on a freelance or fixed-term contract basis. They can be employed as artistic or resident directors in repertory companies.

    Some directors are also writers, designers and performers and may write, devise, design and act in their own work.


    Music director
    One who leads orchestras or other musical groups in recording sessions or live performances, is called a music director, (or otherwise known as a conductor). A composer selects and writes his or her own original music arrangements and compositions in several musical styles that would be played for recordings or audiences.


    Artistic director
    At its helm, every business has a strategic thinker who’s responsible for developing, executing, and enforcing its mission and vision, which guide its every action, aspiration, and activity. At an artistic organization, that person is the Artistic Director.

    As an Artistic Director for a  theatre, music, or dance company, you’re like a Ceo for a corporation or an Executive Director for an association. An executive in the arts and entertainment industry, you’re the boss of all things creative. That is, your organization may put the “business”- sales, marketing, and finance-in someone else’s hands, but it leaves the “beauty”-art and performance-entirely up to you.

    What that means is you’re in charge of making artistic choices. If you work for a theatre company, for instance, you spend your days deciding what Playwrights your organization works with and what plays it performs, as well as when and for how long it stages its productions.

    While you’re at it, you hire all creative and technical staff-Theater Directors, for instance, Actors, and Stage Managers. As the Artistic Director, you also serve as chief Spokesperson for your organization, and consult on business, budgets, and marketing. Typically, you even direct at least one production every season.

    In the corporate world, business is all about manufacturing and branding – the products you produce and the ways in which you market them. In the performing arts, it’s no different. Your performances are your product, and your choice of productions your brand. As much as anything, therefore, you’re Broadway’s version of a Chief Marketing Officer.

    Technicians

    Assistant Director
    It is the right hand of the director and attend all business meetings, the first reading at the entrance to room. He holds the rehearsal schedule and writes the prompt book.
    He noted the time, the inputs and outputs scene, costume changes, etc. In short, he notes everything that happens during rehearsals. It ensures good communication between all teams and acts as an intermediary between the various stakeholders: the production manager, technical director and production team (designers and actors).

    Designer Decor
    Also called designer or decorator, decor designer creates a scenic area that represents the different places under the text. a scenic area is a delimited playground where the action of the play takes place.
    This means that the designer offers a decor that is fixed, versatile and scalable and that can grow and change with the demands of the stage play.
    Starting from the artistic direction of the director, he developed, taking into account the proposals of other designers, his scenic design (colors, textures, dynamic play areas, etc.) from which other designers will refine their ideas .

    Designer Accessories
    also called props, the props designer creates scenery and props and sees to their physical realization.
    In collaboration with the set designer, he lists the accessories that will add to the decor and can be used by the actors.
    He oversees, and in most cases, is responsible for the production or purchase accessories.

    Designer Costumes
    A suit represents the character, his time, his social rank, profession, age, etc. it contributes to the general atmosphere of the show.
    The costume designer also known costume designer, transposes the character’s clothing in fabrics and varied forms. It is also inspired by the silhouette of the game and the actor and its movements in space.
    The costume designer also works with the workshop’s costume making team. Hairstyles, wigs, hats, shoes and other costume accessories under its responsibility, and in the case of a modern production, he sees to the purchase of clothing that does not have to be made to measure .

    Designer Make-Up
    makeup of a character must take good light for the public to distinguish the features of his face on stage.
    The make-up designer, also known makeup artist, uses techniques and tips to enhance an emotion, a character to character and press the acting.
    It works closely with lighting designers and costume and is inspired by the artistic vision of the stage director for his work.

    Designer Of Lighting
    The lighting designer, also known as lighting, light creates the environment in which the actors and staging are changing.
    His raw material consists of light and shadow.
    It has at its disposal a wide range of projectors and uses a diverse palette of colors thanks to the different light filters (gelatin). It develops its proposal ambience sought by the director.
    Lighting can become part of the decor and illustrate various spaces, places or periods. Sometimes it is used to attract the viewer to a specific point, to make a change of scenery or costume to view discretely. Lighting can also press the intensity of the emotional charge of the characters.

    Designer Of Sound Environment
    And Music Composer
    The sound designer is responsible for the sound effects of the show, whether musical excerpts (existing), ambient sounds or recorded voice.
    According to the stage directions of the text and the demands of the director,
    it offers a sound universe. His proposal comes in ambiance and sound sequences that enrich the theater experience, both for spectators and for the actors on stage.
    When the director wishes of the original music for the show, he uses a composer. Musician training and profession, the latter composed the original music of the show.

    Photographer
    The still photographer is not involved in the running of a film shoot and does not participate in any way in the same film manufacturing.
    It is also believed to provide photos showing shooting scenes (actors, technicians, cameras, etc.) and portraits of the principal actors (realization of the poster, photo or cartoon) 2.
    Internationally, the stills remain the property of the company producing the film, without any copyright of the photographer who the technician employee status, not photographic artist. In France and some other European countries, the USA and Japan, the still photographer despite his employee status, retains ownership of arts and heritage rights of shots for which he brought a personal touch (ie outside pictures simply reproducing the characteristics plans frames of film) 3.

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